Grilling, Broiling or Cooking on a Spit
When people say “primitive cooking”, the most common thing that comes to mind is a piece of meat on a stick, cooked over an open fire. The assumption is pretty understandable: grilling, broiling or spit roasting is one of the easiest and fastest ways to cook food in the wild.
There might be some subtle differences over the terms (grilling is when you cook food from heat down below, broiling is when the heat source is from above and cooking on a spit…well, it basically means using a skewer and rotating the protein), but at the end of the day, the meat gets cooked all the same.
The trick to this primitive cooking method is in finding good pieces of wood to use. Since pans come in short supply in the wilderness, you’ll have to make your own broiling or grilling rack from supple branches of trees like river birch. If you’re planning to skewer the meat instead, some sturdy forked branches should do the job pretty nicely, just like in the video above.
Ash cooking is one of the oldest and most common primitive cooking methods known to man.
This usually involves wrapping meat (usually fish) in large leaves (banana, grape or burdock do really well) before cooking them over a bed of hot coals. In this video, however, the survivalists from Native Survival made some adjustments to this favorite cooking method.
First, they prepare a nice piece of cod, season and wrap it in several burdock leaves. However, instead of putting the wrapped fish directly over the coals, they dig a hole right beside their campfire and put the hot coals there. That’s also where they put their fish. After that, they then bury the wrapped fish under another layer or ash and coals. And just like that, they’ve effectively made a “leaf oven”.
This method is a great way to utilize dry heat, which evenly cooks the food. The leaves are actually a great way to lock the flavors as well as the moisture in. Just make sure you’re using edible leaves— you don’t wanna wrap your food in something poisonous.
Cooking Using Bamboo Tubes
The bamboo plant grows abundantly in nice, warm climates and has been a huge part of many civilizations and cultures, especially in Asia. Because of its versatility, bamboo is often used in many aspects of life in the tropics, cooking included. Small bamboo shoots are edible, but their larger, full-grown counterparts are often used as reservoirs of food in this part of the world.
In the video above, you’ll see how this lady cooks rice using bamboo tubes. She uses a banana leaf to funnel the rice into the tubes, covers the tubes with leaves, then cooks them over a fire. Other food products can be cooked in bamboo tubes as well.
Hot Rock Boiling
Having clean and safe water is essential for survival. But how do you accomplish this when you don’t have any metal pots or reservoirs? Hot rock boiling is a pretty simple but effective way to boil water in the wild.
Smooth, dry and egg-sized rocks are ideal for this cooking method. It’s important that you use really dry rocks for this purpose— use wet ones and they’ll basically implode. You’d want to heat them up in the fire for around 30 minutes before plopping them into your water reservoir. With a little bit of imagination, hot rocks can be used in a variety of ways outside water purification. In the video above, you’ll see that these hot rocks were used to cook freshwater shrimps. Yum.
Ovens are very much a part of a modern, 21st century kitchen, but did you know that the earliest known ovens date back to 20,000 BC? If you’re stuck somewhere with lots of good clay deposits, you can venture into making a clay oven of your own. This might take a bit of time though, as it needs to dry for several days. Creating this type of clay oven is more of a long-term solution.
An easier alternative would be to create a primitive hillside oven just like the video above, using some flat slabs of rock. That way you can simply fire it up and eat some good food all in one day.
Hot Stone Cooking
Our forebears might not have had the advantages of modern technology, but they sure were smart. They discovered early on that rocks and stones were great conductors of heat. This video basically demonstrates that concept by using a nice, flat slab of rock to grill some juicy bacon and stuffed bannocks. It’s like a griddle straight out of the Stone Age.
The flat surface of the rock is ideal because it allows for a relatively even distribution of heat. Be careful in choosing your slab though. As mentioned earlier, some kinds of rocks can break apart or even implode due to extreme heat.
Make Some Clay Pots
Why is clay so common in primitive cooking?
Well for one, pottery was a major milestone in human evolution. It basically marked the age when people stopped moving from place to place to hunt for food. If you’re facing a long-term survival situation, it might be wise to learn pottery. You can create pots, pans, bowls and water reservoirs from clay and it lasts for a dang long time as well.
If you don’t have time to fire up a primitive kiln, maybe you can just wrap a chunk of meat in some burdock leaves and smother them in clay. It doesn’t sound conventional, but this method actually uses a concept similar to the leaf oven above.
Snails Over Fire
Well, this is as primitive as it can get. Critters like snails have a protective shell so you can just harvest, clean, and then throw them into a bed of hot coals. It’s that simple. Bon appetit!
Scientists don’t exactly know when man started cooking, but current theories suggest that primitive cooking may have paved the way for the evolution of the species itself.
If you’re a prepper, you might have the proper implements with you. You might not even need to make a kiln or stuff some chicken in bamboo. But you know what they say, it’s always better to have a skill but not need it, instead of having none in a situation that calls for it. At the end of the day, having sharp primitive cooking skills may save your life, so it’s always best to hone that skill.
Anything else we missed? Let us know in the comments below!