What Are The Best Entrenching Tools For Backpacking And Survival?

TAC9ER’S COLLAPSIBLE E-TOOL

Review Summary

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Features

  • Weight: 2lbs 7oz
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length: 9.5”
  • Extended length: 23”
  • Material: carbon steel

Pros

  • Affordable price point
  • Comes with own hard carrying case
  • Solid build
  • Secure threaded lock system

Cons

GERBER E-TOOL FOLDING SPADE

Review Summary

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Features

  • Weight: 2 lbs 8 oz
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length: 9.37”
  • Extended length: 23”
  • Material: glass-filled nylon handle; 7075 aluminum shaft, powder coated steel spade head

Pros

  • Light yet sturdy
  • Ergonomic grip
  • Sharp edges great for cutting and chopping

Cons

  • Pricier than most folding shovels
  • Carrying case sold separately
COLD STEEL SPECIAL FORCES SHOVEL

Review Summary

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Features

  • Weight: 1.60 lbs
  • Length: 20.50″
  • Shovel head: 2mm thickness
  • Material: Medium carbon steel shovelhead, hardwood handle

Pros

  • Sharp edges great for cutting
  • Hardwood handle has great grip and is well-balanced
  • Solid build

Cons

  • Can’t be folded to a more compact size
SOG FOLDING SHOVEL

Review Summary

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Features

  • Weight: 1.53 lb
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length:
  • Extended length: 18.25”
  • Material: full carbon steel

Pros

  • Lightweight and portable
  • Ergonomic handle and grip
  • Great for small tasks around camp

Cons

  • Locking mechanism is not as secure as others
  • Not great for cutting and chopping
FOBACHI MILITARY SURVIVAL FOLDING SHOVEL

Review Summary

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Features

  • Weight: 1.48 lb
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length: 6.89″
  • Extended length: 24.8
  • Material: high-carbon steel body and steel handle with rubber grip

Pros

  • Lightweight and portable
  • Comes with own pouch

Cons

  • Rubber grip can chafe hands
  • Handle keeps loosening up
  • Poor cutting performance
  • Edges easily oxidize

What’s An E-Tool And Why Should It Be Part Of Your Survival Gear or EDC Kit?

Entrenching tools or e-tools started out as standard-issue military gear. These “folding shovels” were primarily used to dig defensive positions like foxholes and trenches. But like any good tactical gear out there, they soon caught the attention of civilians who wanted a compact yet reliable shovel to take with them to camping trips or as part of their bug out bags and car emergency kits.

Today e-tools have become an indispensable part of every outdoorsman or prepper’s kit. This device not only good for digging holes and clearing out campsites; you can also use them in a number of ways.

Here are some of them:

Sanitation purposes

  • Digging catholes and latrines
  • Makeshift toilet seat
  • Digging a compost pile

Shelter

  • Can be used to build survival or bushcraft shelters (dug-out shelter, snow cave)
  • Sharp edges can be used to chop wood and branches

Firebuilding and Food

  • Digging firepits
  • Digging traps and solar stills
  • Moving coals from a campfire
  • Cooking using a Dutch oven
  • Can be used as a frying pan

Others

  • Digging your car out of mud or snow
  • Landslide and avalanche rescue
  • Grappling hook
  • Boat paddle
  • Close contact weapon

To know more about the uses of an entrenching tool and to watch some awesome tutorials, check out this in-depth article.

What Are The Different Types of E-tools?

E-tools can be classified into two general categories: straight-handle and folding.

Straight-handle E-tools

Fixed, straight-handled e-tools first emerged back in World War I, back when trench warfare was the thing. These entrenching tools usually came with an all-steel construction. Today, this type of e-tool can be outfitted with a hardwood handle and a carbon steel head. They’re known for their stability and durability, but they can also be space-consuming and heavy.

Folding E-tools

entrenching tool parts, folding shovel parts

The Germans introduced the world’s first folding spade back in World War II. This device’s handle remained fixed, but the shovel can be folded at the head so one can use it as a hoe or pick. This revolutionary design was further improved into the modern tri-fold e-tool we know today.

The obvious advantage to this type of e-tool is that they’re compact and portable. They can easily be stored in MOLLE-compatible sheaths, bug out bags or backpacks. The downside is that they involve more moving parts and are relatively more prone to damage than their fixed counterparts.

What Should You Look For In An E-Tool?

Not all e-tools are created equal. Some claim to be good but end up being a complete waste of time and money, so it’s important to come up with a certain standard or criteria.

When selecting the right e-tool, consider the following factors:

What and Where You’re Using It For

First things first: where are you using your e-tool for? Knowing this little detail will help you determine the type of entrenching tool that best suits your needs.

For example, if you’re prepping for a disaster and are packing a bug out bag or car kit, you’ll most definitely need a robust e-tool that can handle a lot of use and abuse. You might even want to go for an e-tool with a fixed handle if you’re setting up a bug-out shelter.

On the flipside, if you’re just putting together a camping backpack and are only using the e-tool for small chores around the camp, you might want to settle for a more portable device that can be easily carried around.

a group of shovels

Distance You’re Covering

This factor is closely related to the first one, albeit more specific. Do you plan to travel on foot and are expecting to cover long distances? Pick a small, compact e-tool that can be easily stored in your backpack. You might want to look out for one with a MOLLE-compatible sheath, too.

Driving to your destination? You can get away with a bigger entrenching tool and simply store it in your trunk.

Material

Most modern e-tools have shovel heads made from carbon steel. Depending on its overall carbon content and heat treatment, this type of material can withstand a lot of pressure and heavy-duty use. The higher the carbon content, the tougher the steel.

The shaft and handles can vary from thermoplastics or polymers like glass-filled nylon and polypropylene, aero-grade aluminum, wood or steel. Thermoplastics significantly weigh lighter than any of the other materials mentioned, but they are also more susceptible to damage.

Hardwood or steel is sturdy, but they will kill your weight savings. Aircraft-grade aluminum is the middle ground between these materials, being both relatively lightweight and strong.

Portability

Regardless of your mode of transportation (or lack thereof), you have to consider the e-tool’s portability. How heavy is it? Can you comfortably stow it in a backpack or your car trunk? Does it come with its own sheath or do you have to purchase one separately?

Lots of e-tools are designed to be folded and stored comfortably in a backpack or in your car’s trunk. Many come in tri-fold designs while some have telescoping or removable handles. Still, there are others who sport straight or fixed handles. Each design comes with its own set of pros and cons, so weigh them out accordingly.

Ergonomic Design and Functionality

Make sure that your e-tool of choice won’t kill your back when it’s time to dig. Straight, fixed handles have no-nonsense functionality, while open, D-handles are great if you’re looking for something versatile.

Also look out for features like a secure, threaded locking mechanism that doesn’t loosen up under pressure and serrated edges along the shovel head to help you cut and chop some wood, underground vines and roots.

How We Did Our Review

Curious about how we tested, reviewed and ranked these entrenching tools? Here’s what we did:

First step: separate the wheat from the chaff. That meant scouring the internet for e-tools with the best features, price-performance ratio and of course, customer reviews. We also considered the size and weight, ease of use, functionality and durability of each e-tool.

From dozens of possible candidates, we narrowed it down to the top 6. We ended up selecting four full-sized e-tools and two smaller ones, just to see how they would fare when pitted against each other.

Once the line-up was complete, we subjected these e-tools into various tests that would test their durability, functionality and overall effectivity.

TAC9ER’S COLLAPSIBLE E-TOOL

Review Summary

Features

  • Weight: 2lbs 7oz
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length: 9.5”
  • Extended length: 23”
  • Material: carbon steel

Pros

  • Affordable price point
  • Comes with own hard carrying case
  • Solid build
  • Secure threaded lock system

Cons

[caption id="attachment_4752" align="alignnone" width="213"]tac9er collapsible e-shovel Tac-9er Entrenching Tool Extended[/caption]

Topping our list is Tac9er’s Collapsible E-Tool Shovel.

There’s a lot to love about this tri-fold shovel from outdoor and survival brand Tac9er, but what eventually won us over was the unique balance between its portability and strength.

At 9.5 inches when folded, you can bring this compact e-tool wherever you go. It comes with its own hard carrying case, making it easy to stow away in a bug out bag or backpack. One can fold and extend the tool without a hitch as its threaded lock system is easy to use from the get-go. It doesn’t need additional lubrication and can be used directly out of the box.

Weight isn’t an issue for the Tac9er’s Collapsible E-Tool Shovel — the entire thing just clocks in at just a little over 2 pounds. It feels great in the hand, but it’s not too bulky, either.

While it’s very portable, the Tac9er doesn’t cut corners when it comes to durability and strength. Made from carbon steel, this shovel is made to be used and abused. Its open D-handle has a matte finish and offers an easy, ergonomic grip. If you’ve injured one hand, you can easily use the handles to swing the e-tool and still do some serious digging.

It can dig through packed dirt and rocky terrain and can handle a lot of pressure. You’ll see the black oxide coating chipping off after moderate use, but this doesn’t affect the shovel’s performance in any way.

The shovel head is quite versatile, too. While this e-tool doesn’t incorporate a hoe or pick, it’s got a pointed shovel-head that’s capable of heavy-duty entrenching. Simply configure it at a 90 or 45-degree angle and you’re good to go.

[caption id="attachment_1101" align="alignnone" width="300"] Tac-9er Entrenching Tool - Semi Collapsed[/caption]

Looking closer at the shovel head, you’ll see that it’s got a serrated side for cutting and chopping small pieces of wood. The shovel’s edges do a good enough job, but if you need to do some heavy cutting and chopping, make sure to sharpen it before use.

The threaded lock system is pretty secure as well. We found that the locks on the other e-tools in this list loosened up after some rigorous testing and activity. Tac9er’s threaded lock impressively held its ground against the pressure.

Overall, the Tac9er Collapsible E-Tool Shovel checked all of our boxes. It’s durable yet compact and it’s got a versatile design that makes it great for any situation. Best of all, it comes at a friendly price point for its quality, making it an excellent choice for preppers, outdoorsmen, or regular joes looking for a reliable entrenching tool.

GERBER E-TOOL FOLDING SPADE

Review Summary

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Features

  • Weight: 2 lbs 8 oz
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length: 9.37”
  • Extended length: 23”
  • Material: glass-filled nylon handle; 7075 aluminum shaft, powder coated steel spade head

Pros

  • Light yet sturdy
  • Ergonomic grip
  • Sharp edges great for cutting and chopping

Cons

  • Pricier than most folding shovels
  • Carrying case sold separately

Next up, we’ve got the Gerber E-tool Folding Spade. This robust, foldable e-tool came with details like a unique locking mechanism and a more angular handle which made for a smooth performance.

Like most e-tools in this list, the Gerber folding spade is a tri-fold device. It’s compact enough, but its carrying case is sold separately.

Instead of having an all-metal construction, the manufacturers opted for a lighter, glass-filled nylon handle and an aluminum shaft. This combination makes the Gerber light yet sturdy enough for heavy-duty tasks.

Don’t be intimidated by its textured, angular handle. It doesn’t look it, but it’s got a surprisingly nice grip and is actually quite comfortable in the hand, albeit having a squarish shape.

Looking at the Gerber, you’ll see that its head isn’t as sharp or pointed compared to the other e-tools in this list. This is great if you need to cover a wide area, but it may not the best for functions that need hoe or a pick. It’s a little less powerful than the Tac9er shovel as far as digging and entrenching is concerned, too.

gerber folding shovel

What we loved most about the Gerber are its serrated edges. Some e-tools’ serrated edges were all bark and no bite, but the Gerber took care of small shrubs, roots, and branches without a hitch.

Perhaps the biggest downside to the Gerber is its price point. At nearly $50, this costs almost twice as much as the Tac9er which offered the same performance.

Overall, the Gerber E-tool Folding Spade passed our testing with flying colors. We just wished it came with a sheath for that price.

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COLD STEEL SPECIAL FORCES SHOVEL

Review Summary

Features

  • Weight: 1.60 lbs
  • Length: 20.50″
  • Shovel head: 2mm thickness
  • Material: Medium carbon steel shovelhead, hardwood handle

Pros

  • Sharp edges great for cutting
  • Hardwood handle has great grip and is well-balanced
  • Solid build

Cons

  • Can’t be folded to a more compact size

The Cold Steel Special Forces Shovel is one sturdy piece of gear. Its fixed, hardwood handle and robust shovelhead are made for insanely tough jobs. Unfortunately, these features also make the Cold Steel relatively difficult to store and pack in a bug out bag. Portability is important for us, so we had to put it on our number three spot.

First things first: the Cold Steel Special Forces shovelhead has wicked sharp edges straight out of the box. It’s great for cutting sticks, roots, wood, zombies—name it, the Cold Steel can cut through it without a hitch. It’s like a tomahawk and a shovel in one. That being said, make sure to store this shovel with a sheath or cover at all times, because you can seriously hurt yourself or through your gear, if you’re not careful. It’s just too bad that the sheath has to be purchased separately.

Next, the fixed hardwood handle. This has obvious pros and cons in itself. The biggest advantage is that it’s insanely sturdy. It feels solid in the hand and is well-balanced. There aren’t any hinges or any other moving parts to be wary of, so you can dig and entrench all you like without fear of damaging the device. Despite the handle’s smooth finish, though, it can still chafe your palms after extended use. Be sensible and make sure to wear gloves.

The disadvantage is that this design isn’t the most ideal if you’re looking for something portable. There’s no way to fold this shovel into a smaller, more compact size. You can remove the screws and disassemble the whole thing, but that would just make things more complicated.

Another thing about having a straight, fixed handle is limited grip options. Open, D-handles tend to distribute the force of your digging between the two prongs and can still be used even with one arm out of commission. Straight handles, on the other hand, are quite limited.

In conclusion, if portability is the most important factor for you, you might want to skip Cold Steel and opt for the folding shovels mentioned in this list. On the other hand, if you need a trusty shovel with wicked sharp edges that can double as a hatchet, the Cold Steel Special Forces Shovel is a solid choice.

SOG FOLDING SHOVEL

Review Summary

Features

  • Weight: 1.53 lb
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length:
  • Extended length: 18.25”
  • Material: full carbon steel

Pros

  • Lightweight and portable
  • Ergonomic handle and grip
  • Great for small tasks around camp

Cons

  • Locking mechanism is not as secure as others
  • Not great for cutting and chopping

Aside from the full-sized e-tools, we also included a couple of smaller e-tools in this list, just to see how they would hold up against the bigger kids on the playground.

Calling the SOG a “military shovel” would be pushing it, because it’s really tiny compared to the full-sized shovels. The good thing is that it can hold its own— as long as you set the right expectations.

Made from an all-metal construction, this tri-fold shovel has a threaded lock mechanism and an open handle like the other full-sized e-tools. It’s also equipped with a rather sharp pick on the other end of its shovelhead. The only difference is that it weighs about half a pound lighter.

While it doesn’t come with its own case or sheath, storing or clipping the SOG folding shovel in a bag is no problem at all.

What we had a slight problem with was its locking mechanism. It appeared stuck at one point. We eventually resolved it, but that being said, you might want to keep some oil nearby to lubricate this folding shovel’s joints before and after use.

Using the SOG to dig through sand and loose dirt was okay, but its locking mechanism did loosen up a bit when we tried to dig through some packed dirt and rocks.

sog folding shovel folded

It is quite small, so bigger folks who want something heftier may not like this tool’s make and material. It can also be a literal pain in the back after extended use as you have to bend quite a bit to gain better ground. You mostly gotta work on your knees with a shovel this size.

Despite its serrated edge, cutting and chopping remained to be a weak point for the SOG. It couldn’t cut through small roots and shoots.

Overall, the SOG performed okay up to a certain capacity. With its smaller build, you can’t expect it to do heavy-duty tasks, but it will do well for light to moderate work around the campsite.

FOBACHI MILITARY SURVIVAL FOLDING SHOVEL

Review Summary

Features

  • Weight: 1.48 lb
  • Type: Folding
  • Closed length: 6.89″
  • Extended length: 24.8
  • Material: high-carbon steel body and steel handle with rubber grip

Pros

  • Lightweight and portable
  • Comes with own pouch

Cons

  • Rubber grip can chafe hands
  • Handle keeps loosening up
  • Poor cutting performance
  • Edges easily oxidize

Another small e-tool on this list is the Fobachi Military Survival Folding Shovel. Its black oxide coating and sharp edges make it look formidable, but it’s actually quite smaller than we initially expected. It also didn’t impress us much when it came down to functionality.

Instead of a tri-fold design, the Fobachi can be disassembled at the handle and folded at the head. You can stow it away in the accompanying pouch. Nothing special about the sheath’s material; in fact, it looks kind of flimsy.

Fobachi’s shovel head has a more defined edge to it, but it’s markedly smaller than the SOG. Ironically, the sharpened and serrated edges didn’t do great in cutting branches, sticks, and the like. If anything, it was actually quite dull. We also saw some rust and oxidation along the spade’s edges and around its hinges after use.

As for digging, the Fobachi can penetrate deeper than the SOG but we found its handle quite disappointing. First, the rubber grip chafes your palms after extended use. Second, the handle tends to loosen up and twist off, so it’s not the most secure shovel out there.

fobachi folding shovel, folded

All in all, the Fobachi was indeed portable, but it was a bust in every other aspect. It can dig, but the fact that its handle kept on loosening up was both disappointing and hazardous. If you’re looking for a smaller shovel, we recommend the SOG instead of the Fobachi.

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